Gaming-gambling convergence: Research, regulation, and reactions [article available via ResearchGate]

Introduction: The convergence of gaming and gambling has been the subject of research, debate, and regulatory consideration over the past ten years as technological advances and consumer preferences are changing the nature in which both activities are offered. Gambling activities are increasingly incorporating gaming features that focus on skill, social interaction, progress, achievement, and competition. Conversely, games have integrated gambling themes and aspects of gambling including randomly-determined outcomes and rewards, including those that require a payment, and increased monetization of in-game items through legitimate and illegitimate marketplaces. The motives for both are related to recognition of the broad appeal of both gaming and gambling, the commercial potential of the activities, and an effort to appeal to a broad demographic, including young adults given the aging player base of traditional gambling activities. The limited factual understanding of the impact of incorporating gambling themes and mechanics into popular games and vice versa has not stopped sensationalist headlines and alarmist reactions that are not evidence-based. Access full article

Reference: Gainsbury, S.M. (2019). Gaming-gambling convergence: Research, regulation, and reactions. Gaming Law Review.


Gambling and problem gambling in Switzerland

Aims – To provide an overview of gambling and problem gambling in Switzerland, including historical aspects, past and current legislation and policies, treatment options and the research base. Methods – A literature search was conducted on two databases (PubMed and PsycINFO), and official government and statistical reports selected from the official websites of four sources (Federal Office of Justice; Federal Gambling Board; Federal Office of Statistics; Swiss Lottery and Betting Board). Results – After a history of banning or partial banning, Swiss gambling became regulated at the beginning of the 20th century through successive laws. The current system is characterized by important differences in the law and policies for casinos and lotteries, and contradictions in the regulation of these two areas are still under debate in order to develop new legislation.

Source: Billieux, J., Achab, S., Savary, J.-F., Simon, O., Richter, F., Zullino, D., & Khazaal, Y. (2016). Gambling and problem gambling in Switzerland. Addiction.

Justifications of national gambling policies in France and Finland : Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs

AIMS – The principles of free trade and free circulation of services within the European Union have created pressures to make the strictly controlled European gambling markets more open. According to the Court of Justice of the European Union, restrictions on gambling are only allowed if they are justified in admissible terms of consumer protection, prevention of criminal activity and protection of public order. This study compares the gambling laws of two European societies, France and Finland, to analyse how their legal frames of gambling have been adjusted to these principles…

via Justifications of national gambling policies in France and Finland : Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

Gambling and gambling-related problems in France – Valleur – 2015 – Addiction – Wiley Online Library


To provide an overview of the gambling landscape and gambling-related problems in France, including the history, legislation, gambling policy and epidemiological data on excessive gambling…

Gambling and gambling-related problems in France – Valleur – 2015 – Addiction – Wiley Online Library.