Gender and gambling motivated crime [open access podcast]

By Michelle Malkin, published by the UNLV Center for Gaming Research, run time: 40:52.

In this June 8, 2018 Colloquium Talk, Malkin examines the social, economic, and legal consequences of problem gamblers, with a focus on gender. Starting with an exploration of problem and women’s gambling in history, she analyzes how the approaches to possible criminal consequences of gambling motivated crime challenge traditional criminal justice assumptions about gender and crime. Podcast details and access

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The relationship between online gambling, psychosocial problems and crime for helpseekers calling a helpline (open access thesis)

By Erik Rosenberg. (2018). Masters thesis in Criminology,  Malmö University.

Abstract: Problem gambling is a public health issue that affects gamblers, relatives and society in general. The Swedish National Gambling Helpline, Stödlinjen, operates as a primary help to people with problems related to gambling. The 22,260 calls made to the helpline from 2009 to 2016 were studied with regards to gender, age, online gambling, psychosocial problems, and crime. Comparison between gamblers and relatives revealed gender and age differences. Reports of online gambling increased for both groups as time progressed, while crime declined. The results are discussed, and it is concluded that more research on the connection between gambling and crime is needed, as well as further develop a crime-aspect in the counsellors’ documentation of helpline callers. Access thesis

Gambling-Related Employee Embezzlement: A Study of Swedish Newspaper Reports (full text)

Binde, P.

It is well-known that severe problem gambling may lead to economic crime. This study explored a particular type of such criminality: embezzlement committed by problem gamblers in the workplace. The aim was to gain knowledge about the extent of such criminality in Sweden and the sums of money involved. The method used was a media study of newspaper reports, complemented with information about help-seeking problem gamblers obtained in interviews with therapists specializing in problem gambling and with peer counsellors in mutual support societies of problem gamblers. The results showed that gambling-related embezzlement occurs in all branches of the economy where employees have access to money. The sums embezzled can be huge and the crimes sustained over several years. However, this varies across professional categories, with bank managers embezzling larger sums of money than others, and for longer, before being detected. Although Swedish newspapers report on average about one case a month of gambling-related employee embezzlement, the true prevalence is likely to be at least 10 times higher. More efforts should be made to prevent embezzlement and other gambling-related harms in the workplace.

Binde, P. (2016). Gambling-Related Employee Embezzlement: A Study of Swedish Newspaper Reports. Journal of Gambling Issues, xx–xx. https://doi.org/10.4309/jgi.2016.34.4

Gambling-related embezzlement in the workplace: a qualitative study – open access

Binde, P. (2016).

People with severe gambling problems typically first spend all their available money on gambling and then resort to borrowing, selling personal property and other ways of procuring more money for gambling. Some problem gamblers commit economic crimes. This investigation examined gambling-related embezzlement in the workplace, an aspect of problem gambling that may severely harm the gambler, significant others and the employer. The methods used are the study of newspaper articles and qualitative interviews with 18 informants, including professionals in workplace security and drug-use prevention, therapists specializing in problem gambling treatment, counsellors from mutual support societies, and recovered problem gamblers who had embezzled. Gambling-related embezzlement often progresses in a characteristic sequence shaped by specific processes in which the gambler’s thoughts and emotions interact systemically with the monetary losses caused by participating in commercial gambling and the opportunity to embezzle money in the workplace. In this study, criminological theory of white collar crime usefully complemented psychological theories of problem gambling. It is concluded that a processual perspective, in addition to consideration of psychological and environmental factors, is valuable for understanding the progression to severe problem gambling.

Binde, P. (2016). Gambling-related embezzlement in the workplace: a qualitative study. International Gambling Studies, 0(0), 1–17. http://doi.org/10.1080/14459795.2016.1214165

A study of the connection between gambling and crime in Hungarian prisons

In the following study, we examine the connection between crime and gambling addictions. In addition to examining the playing habits of 140 detainees prior to their imprisonment, we also study their demographic characteristics, and their relations.2 We previously studied these correlations as a part of a data recording in 2009 (Tessényi-Kovács, 2011).3

By the 10th of October 2012, the use of gaming machines was terminated in Hungary. Therefore, our survey has gained a repeated actuality, since a significant cause of addiction has disappeared from the market. We question whether this factor has had a measurable effect. Although the elapsed time is not necessarily enough to measure the presumed changes in crime due to gambling, we nevertheless make the comparison with the results from 2009.

For the study of pathological problem gambling, we applied the original version of the SOGS-questionnaire, complemented with demographics and other relevant questions from the perspective of our survey.