The Effect of Recreational Gambling on Regional Health Outcomes: Evidence from Canadian Provinces (full text)

Brad R. Humphreys, John A. Nyman and Jane E. Rusesk.

The relationship between gambling and health has important economic and public policy im- plications. We develop causal evidence on this relationship using data from the Canadian Community Health Survey and exploiting regional variation in access to legal gambling. Empir- ical models treat gambling as an endogenous regressor in explaining regional variation in health outcomes. Results from instrumental variable and bivariate probit models show recreational gambling has no or a negative impact on the probability of having certain chronic conditions and a positive impact on life satisfaction, diering from past studies that nd a positive associ- ation between problem gambling and adverse health outcomes.

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