Updates will be put on hold for a couple of weeks…

The New Problem Gambling Research updates will go on hiatus for two weeks over the holiday break. Happy holidays from the Problem Gambling Foundation Library!

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Validation of the 8-item attitudes towards gambling scale (ATGS-8) in a British population survey

Introduction

Public opinions concerning gambling are an important factor in shaping public policy. Little empirical attention has been given to assessing gambling attitudes within the general population. The aim of the present study is to validate the 8-item Attitudes Towards Gambling Scale (ATGS-8) in British individuals and to investigate associations of these attitudes with frequency of gambling and gambling problems.

Methods

Data were derived from 7746 individuals participating in the British Gambling Prevalence Survey 2010, a comprehensive interview-based survey conducted in Great Britain between November 2009 and May 2010. Confirmatory factor analysis and separate regression analyses were applied…

Source: Canale, N., Vieno, A., Pastore, M., Ghisi, M., & Griffiths, M. D. (n.d.). Validation of the 8-item attitudes towards gambling scale (ATGS-8) in a British population survey. Addictive Behaviors. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.12.009

Virtual addictions: An examination of problematic social casino game use among at-risk gamblers

The overlap of gaming and gambling activities within online digital technologies is of growing relevance to the study of technological addictions. Social casino games are immensely popular ‘free to play’ games that offer realistic emulation of financial gambling activities. Their structural similarities might suggest that engagement in social casino games may be particularly risky for people with existing gambling problems. Currently it is not known whether social casino games are used problematically by individuals who also experience problematic gambling, the extent of this overlap, the characteristics of those who experience problems with both activities, and the symptoms of problematic social casino game use they experience. An online survey was administered to Internet users (N = 1554) to assess social casino game use and associated problems. This study examined a subsample of 176 adults who played social casino games and reported self-identified gambling problems. The results indicated that a greater frequency and diversity of social casino game playing and more frequent and larger expenditure on social casino games was significantly positively associated with symptom severity of problematic social casino game use…

Source: Gainsbury, S. M., King, D. L., Russell, A. M. T., Delfabbro, P., & Hing, N. (n.d.). Virtual addictions: An examination of problematic social casino game use among at-risk gamblers. Addictive Behaviors. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.12.007

Response to commentaries—clear principles for gambling research

[Editorial; full text]

We are confident that most researchers are increasingly aware that receiving funds from the gambling industry, particularly when this is subject in any way to industry direction, is perilous to their reputation and may, at the very least, give rise to a reasonable perception of bias. In some cases, of course, this may in fact cause actual bias, whether unconscious or otherwise. Yet even where funds appear to be provided with no strings attached there is the risk, and perhaps in some cases the reality, that researchers will be loath to kill the goose that lays the golden egg…

Source: Livingstone, C., & Adams, P. J. (2016). Response to commentaries—clear principles for gambling research. Addiction, 111(1), 16–17. http://doi.org/10.1111/add.13225

Problem-Gambling Severity and Psychiatric Disorders among American-Indian/Alaska Native Adults

Little is known about the association between problem-gambling severity and psychiatric disorders among American-Indian/Alaska-Native (AI/AN) individuals. Thus, we examined these factors among a nationally representative sample of AI/AN and other American adults in the USA.

Method

Using the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) data, we conducted separate Wald tests and multinomial logistic regression analyses comparing AI/AN to black/African American, white/Caucasian, and all other racial/ethnic groups, respectively…

Source: Kong, G., Smith, P. H., Pilver, C., Hoff, R., & Potenza, M. N. (2015). Problem-Gambling Severity and Psychiatric Disorders among American-Indian/Alaska Native Adults. Journal of Psychiatric Research.

Considering Gambling Involvement in the Understanding of Problem Gambling: A Large Cross-Sectional Study of an Australian Population

Instead of regarding a particular type of gambling activity (for example, electronic gambling machines, table games) as an isolated factor for problem gambling, recent research suggests that gambling involvement (for example, as measured by the number of different types of gambling activities played) should also be considered. Using a large sample of the Victorian adult population, this study found that the strength of association between problem gambling and the type of gambling reduced after adjusting for gambling involvement. This finding supports recent research that gambling involvement is an important factor in assessing the risk of problem gambling. The study also provides insights into the measurements of gambling involvement and provides alternative statistical modelling to analyse problem gambling.

Source: Yeung, K., & Wraith, D. (2015). Considering Gambling Involvement in the Understanding of Problem Gambling: A Large Cross-Sectional Study of an Australian Population. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction.